Theo Sandfort

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Theo Sandfort, Ph.D., is a Research Scientist at the HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, and is Associate Professor of Clinical Sociomedical Sciences (in Psychiatry) Columbia University. He received his master's degree in Social Psychology from the Catholic University Nijmegen, the Netherlands, and his Ph.D. in Social Sciences from Utrecht University, the Netherlands.Before that he was Chairman of the Interfaculty Department of Lesbian and Gay Studies at Utrecht University, the Netherlands, and Director of the Research Program "Diversity, Lifestyles and Health" at the Netherlands Institute of Social Sexological Research. He is a former President of the Dutch Society of Sexology, and currently is the President of the International Academy of Sex Research. He serves on the board of various academic journals on sexuality.

Dr. Sandfort has engaged in numerous basic and applied empirical investigations in the field of sexuality and health. In terms of research methods he is skilled in both quantitative and qualitative approaches. He was involved in large as well as small-scale studies, aimed at surveying sexual behavior and attitudes, identifying determinants of health behavior, needs assessments, evaluating mass media and small-scale health interventions, and identifying the epidemiology of mental disorders. In his applied research he enjoys helping to identify basic research needs of professional organizations and promoting the application of research findings. His current research interests center around sexual health, sexual development, and homosexuality. In promoting the understanding of various health issues, his major aim is to contribute to health and well being, especially in relation to sexuality and sexual orientation.

EDUCATION

Catholic University, Nijmegen, Netherlands M.A. 1979 Social Psychology
Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands Ph.D. 1988 Social Sciences

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

1977-1979 Student Assistant, Department of Social Psychology, Catholic University, Nijmegen, Netherlands
1980-1981 Research Assistant, Sociological Institute, Utrecht University, Netherlands
1981-1988 Research Assistant, Department of Clinical Psychology and Personality Theory, Utrecht University
1988-1989 Researcher, Interfaculty Department of Lesbian and Gay Studies, Utrecht University
1988-1993 Co-director of research programme social-scientific AIDS research, Utrecht University
1993-1997 Chair of Interfaculty Department of Lesbian and Gay Studies, Utrecht University
1996-2001 Director of research programme “Diversity, lifestyles and health”, Netherlands Institute of Social Sexological Research, Utrecht, Netherlands
1998-2001 Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University
2001-present Research Scientist, HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY
2001-present Associate Professor, Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Joseph L. Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY
2001-present Associate Professor of Clinical Sociomedical Sciences (in Psychiatry), Departments of Psychiatry and Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY
2002-2003 President, International Academy of Sex Research
2002-present Fellow, American Psychological Association
2003-present Training Director, HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY

PUBLICATIONS

Vroome, E.M.M. de, Paalman, M.E.M., Dingelstad, A.A.M., Kolker, L., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Increase safe sex among the young and nonmonogamous: knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding safe 'sex and condom use in The Netherlands from 1987 to 1993. Patient Education and Counseling, 24:279-288, 1994.

Wit, J.B.F. de, Teunis, N., Griensven, G.J.P. van, Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Behavioral risk reduction strategies to prevent HIV infection among homosexual men: A Grounded Theory Approach. AIDS Education and Prevention, 6:493-505, 1994.

Bosga, M.B., VVit, J.B.F. de, Vroome, E.M.M. de, Houweling, H., Schop, W., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Differences in perception of risk for HIV infection with steady and non-steady partners among homosexual men. AIDS Education and Prevention, 7:103-115, 1995.

Kerkhof, M.P.N., Zwart, 0. de, Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Dilemma in HIV/AIDS prevention for gay men. In: D. Friedrich and W. Heckmann (Eds.), AIDS in Europe The behavioural aspect. Vol. 3: Frameworks of behaviour modification (pp. 179-184). Berlin: Ed. Sigma, 1995.

Mulder, C.L., Antoni, M.H., Emmelkamp, P.M.G., Veugelers, P.J., Sandfort, Th.G.M., Vijver, F.A.J.R. van de, Vries, M.J. de: Psychosocial group intervention and the rate of decline of immunological parameters in asymptomatic HIV infected homosexual men. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 63:185-192, 1995.

Mulder, C.L., Vroome, E.M.M. de, Griensven, G.J.P., Antoni, M.H., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Distraction as a predictor of the biological course of HIV 1 infection over a seven year period in gay men. Psychosomatic Medicine, 57:67, 1995.

Sandfort, Th.: AIDS in Europe The Behavioural Aspect: Major findings and discussion. In D. Friedrich and W. Heckmann (Eds.), AIDS in Europe The behavioural aspect. VoL 1: General aspects (pp. 251-258). Berlin: Ed. Sigma, 1995.

Sandfort, Th.G.M.: HIV/AIDS prevention and the impact of attitudes towards homosexuality and bisexuality. In G. M. Herek and B. Greene (Eds.), AIDS, psychology, and the lesbian and gay community (pp. 32-54). Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1995.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., Clement, U., Knobel, J., Keet, R., Vroome, E.M.M. de: Does coping with HIV infection affect safer sexual behaviour? In D. Friedrich and W. Heckmann (Eds.), AIDS in Europe The behavioural aspect. VoL 2: Risk behaviour and its determinants (pp. 191-192). Berlin: Ed. Sigma, 1995.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., Clement, U., Knobel, J., Keet, R., Vroome, E.M.M. de: Sexualization in the coping process of HIV infected gay men. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2: 220-226, 1995.

Vroome, E.M.M. de, Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Condom promotion among gay men: The next step. In D. Friedrich and W. Heckmann (Eds.), AIDS in Europe - The behavioural aspect. Vol, 3: Frameworks of behaviour modification (pp. 193-199). Berlin: Ed. Sigma, 1995.

Zwart, O. de, Kerkhof, M.P.N., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: The structure and meanings of anal sex among gay men. In D. Friedrich and W. Heckmann (Eds.), AIDS in Europe - The behavioural aspect. Vol. 2: Risk behaviour and its determinants (pp. 107-114). Berlin: Ed. Sigma, 1995.

de Wit, J.B.F., Vroome, E.M.M. de, Sandfort, Th.G.M., Griensven, G.J.P. van: Homosexual encounters in different venues. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 8:130-134, 1997.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., Bos, H., Haavio-Mannila, E., Sundet, J.M.: Sexual practices and their social profiles. In M.C. Hubert, N. Bajos, Th.G.M. Sandfort (Eds.), Sexual behaviour and HIV/AIDS in Europe (pp. 106-164). London: UCL Press, 1998.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., Hubert, M.C. Bajos, N., Bos, H.: Sexual behaviour and HIV risk: common patterns and differences between European countries. In M.C. Hubert, N. Bajos, Th.G.M. Sandfort (Eds.). Sexual behaviour and HIV/AIDS in Europe (pp. 403-426) N. London: UCL Press, 1998.

Vroome, E.M.M. de, VVit, J.B.F. de, Stroebe, W., Sandfort, Th.G.M., Griensven, G.J.P van: Sexual behavior and depression among HIV-positive gay men. AIDS and Behavior, 2:137-149, 1998.

Vroome, E.M.M. de, Kok, G.J., Jager, J.C., Tielman, R.A.P., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: The adoption and maintenance of safe sex in a national cohort of gay men in the Netherlands. In Th.G.M. Sandfort (Ed.), The Dutch response to HIV. pragmatism and consensus (pp. 246-261). London: UCL Press, 1998.

Zwart, O. de, Kerkhof, M.P.N., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Anal sex and gay men: The challenge of HIV and beyond. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 10:89-102, 1998.

Zwart, O. de, Kerkhof, M.P.N., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Anal sex and gay men: The challenge of HIV and beyond. In M.T. Wright, B.R.S. Rosser, & 0. De Zwart (Eds.), New International Directions in HIV Prevention for Gay and Bisexual Men (pp 89-102). Bingham NY: Haworth Press, 1998.

Mulder, C.L., Vroome, E.M.M. de, Griensven, G.J.P., Antoni, M.H., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Avoidance as a predictor of the biological course of HIV 1 infection over a seven year period in gay men. Health Psychology, 18:107-113, 1999.

Wiessing, L.G., Houweling, H., Sandfort, Th.G.M., Schop, W., Akker, R. van den, Hoogenveen, R.T.: Reaching homosexual men for HIV surveillance through a gay magazine. European Journal of Epidemiology, 15:429-437, 1999.

Bajos, N, Marquet, J., Huynen, P., Hubert, M., Sandfort, T: Research on HIV sexual risk: Social relations based approach in a cross cultural perspective. Social Science and Medicine, 50:1533-1546, 2000.

Friedrich, W.N., Sandfort, Th.G.M., Oostveen, J., Cohen Keftenis, P.T.: Cultural differences in sexual behavior: 2-6 year old Dutch and American children. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality,12:117-128, 2000.

Hasselt, N. van, Vroome, E.M.M. de, Sandfort, Th.G.M.: The public face of AIDS and STD control. STD Bulletin, 20:10-14, 2000.

Moatti, J.P., Souteyrand, Y., Prieur, A., Sandfort, Th.G.M., Aggleton, P. (Eds): AIDS in Europe. New Challenges for the Social Sciences. London: Routledge, 2000.

Sandfort, Th.: Homosexuality, psychology, and gay and lesbian studies. In: Sandfort, Th., Schuyf, J., Duyvendak, J.W., and Weeks, J. (Eds), Lesbian & Gay Studies: An Introductory, Interdisciplinary Approach. London: Sage, 2000.

Sandfort, Th.: Safe sex. In T.F. Murphy (Ed.), Reader's guide to lesbian and gay studies. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., Cohen Kettenis, P.T.: Sexual behavior in Dutch and Belgian children as observed by their mothers. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 12:105-115, 2000.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., Rademakers, J. (Eds): Childhood Sexuality. Normal Sexual Behavior and Development. New York: Haworth Press, 2000.

Schiltz, M.A., Sandfort, Th.G.M.: HIV positive people, risk and sexual behaviour. Social Science and Medicine, 50:1571-1588, 2000.

de Wit, J.B.F., Stroebe, W, Vroome, E.M.M. de, Sandfort, Th.G.M, Griensven, G.J.P. van: Understanding HIV preventive behaviors with casual and primary partners in homosexual men: The theory of planned behavior and the information-motivation-behavioral skills model. Psychology & Health , 15(3):325-340, 2000.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., Graaf, R. de, Bijl, R.V., Schnabel, P.: Sexual orientation and psychiatric disorders: Findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study NEMESIS. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50(1):85-91, 2001.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., and de Keizer, M.: Sexual problems in gay men: An overview of empirical research. Annual Review of Sex Research, 12:93-120, 2001.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., de Graaf, R., and Bijl, R.V.: Same-sex sexuality and quality of life: Findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32:15-22, 2003.

Dodge, B., Reece, M., Cole, S.L., and Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Sexual compulsivity among heterosexual college students. Journal of Sex Research, 41:343-350, 2004.

Sandfort, Th.G.M.: Studying sexual orientation change: A methodological review of the Spitzer’s Study, "Can some gay men and lesbians change their sexual orientation?" Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 7:15-29, 2004.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., and Ehrhardt, A.A.: Sexual health: A useful public health paradigm or a moral imperative? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 33:181-187, 2004.

Dodge, B., Sandfort, Th.G.M., Yarber, W.L., and de Wit, J.B.F.: Sexual health across national cultures: Male college students in the United States and the Netherlands. American Journal of Health Behavior, 29:172-182, 2005.

Sandfort, Th. G. M.: Sexual orientation and gender: Stereotypes and beyond. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 34(6): 595-611, 2005.

Bakker, F. C., Sandfort, Th. G.M., Vanwesenbeeck, I., van Lindert, H., and Westert, G. P.: Use of health care services higher for homosexuals and bisexuals than for heterosexuals: Findings from a Dutch population survey. Social Science & Medicine, 63:2022-2030, 2006.

de Graaf, R., Sandfort, Th. G. M., and ten Have, M.: Suicidality and sexual orientation: Differences between men and women in a general population-based sample of adults in the Netherlands. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(3):253-26, 2006.

Sandfort, Th. G. M., Bakker, F., Schellevis, F., Vanwesenbeeck, I., and Van Lindert, H.: Sexual orientation andmental and physical health status: Findings from a Dutch population survey. American Journal of Public Health,96(6):1119-1125, 2006.

Sandfort, Th.G.M., Bos, H., and Vet, R.: Lesbians and gay men at work: Consequences of being out. In A.M. Omoto, H.S., Kurtzman (Eds.), Sexual orientation, mental health, and substance use: Contemporary scientific perspectives.

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